【课堂笔记】人教版英语七年级上册 Unit 6

原标题:【课堂笔记】人教版英语七年级上册 Unit 6

常用词组

1. my birthday dinner 我的生日宴会

2. vegetable salad 蔬菜沙拉

3. two tomatoes 两个西红柿

4. eat well 吃得好

5. think about 思考;思索

6. eat/have breakfast/lunch/dinner

吃早/中/晚饭

7. a sports/volleyball star 一位运动/排球明星

8. next/this/last week 下/这/上星期

9. ask sb. about sth. 问某人关于某事

10. like hamburgers/ice-cream

喜欢汉堡包/冰激凌

11. like eating eggs 喜欢吃鸡蛋

12. her eating habits 她的饮食习惯

13. like chicken for dinner 喜欢吃鸡肉当作晚饭

14. one last question 最后一个问题

15. healthy food 健康的食物

16. after breakfast/lunch/dinner 早/中/晚饭后

17. want to be fat/healthy 想要变胖/健康

18. have bread for breakfast 早饭吃面包

19. a lot of strawberries=lots of strawberries=many strawberries

许多草莓

20. a lot of rice=lots of rice=much rice

许多米饭

展开全文

重点句型

1. —Do you like salad? 你喜欢沙拉吗?

—Yes, I do./No, I don't.

是的,我喜欢。/不,我不喜欢。

2. —Does she like tomatoes? 她喜欢西红柿吗?

—No, she doesn't. She doesn't like them.

不,她不喜欢。她不喜欢它们。

3. —What fruit do you like? 你喜欢什么水果?

—I like apples and strawberries.

我喜欢苹果和草莓。

4. I don't like carrots. 我不喜欢胡萝卜。

5. He really likes salad. 他非常喜欢沙拉。

6. She doesn't like hamburgers or chicken.

她不喜欢汉堡包和鸡肉。

7. —How/What about some fruit?

(吃)一些水果如何?

—Sounds good. 听起来不错。

8. Sports stars eat well. 运动明星吃得好。

9. David asks the volleyball star about her eating habits.

戴维问那个排球明星关于她的饮食习惯。

10. —What do you like for breakfast/lunch/dinner? 你早/午/晚饭喜欢吃什么?

—I love fruit. I think it's healthy.

我喜欢水果。我想这是健康的(食物)。

11. I like chicken for dinner. 我晚餐喜欢吃鸡肉。

12. I don't want to be fat. 我不想变胖。

13. For breakfast, I like fruit, but I don't like vegetables.

至于早饭,我喜欢吃水果,但我不喜欢吃蔬菜。

14. Let's have ice-cream then.

那么让我们吃冰激凌吧。

15. Do you eat ice-cream after dinner?

晚餐后你吃冰激凌吗?

词法精选

1. have breakfast/lunch/dinner

吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

have在这里是行为动词,意为“吃”,三餐饭前不加冠词,但可以加代词或形容词,加形容词时可加冠词。如:

have a big breakfast

吃一顿丰盛的早餐

have my lunch吃我的午餐

2. a lot of/lots of/many/much 许多

(1)many+可数名词复数。如:

many books许多书本

(2)much+不可数名词。如:

much ice-cream 许多冰激凌

(3)a lot of=lots of,可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词。如:

a lot of books=lots of books 许多书本

a lot of ice-cream=lots of ice-cream

许多冰激凌

3. healthy 健康的

healthy为形容词,作表语或者定语修饰名词。如:

(1)healthy作形容词,意为“健康的”,常用作表语或定语。如:

①Vegetables are healthy food.

蔬菜是健康的食物。

②I think I am very healthy. 我想我很健康。

(2)healthy的名词是health,意为“健康”。如:

Playing sports is good for our health.

做运动对我们的健康有好处。

4. want 需要;想要

want为动词,遇到第三人称单数时,要在其末尾加-s。其用法如下:

(1)“want+名词”意为“想要某物”。如:

He wants a pen. 他想要一支钢笔。

(2)want to do sth.意为“想要干某事”。如:

Jack wants to go to the library.

杰克想要去图书馆。

(3)want sb. to do sth.意为“想要某人做某事”。如:

She wants me to help her with her math.

她想要我帮她补习数学。

【注意】want to be意为“想成为”。如:

—What do you want to be when you grow up?你长大想成为什么?

—I want to be a teacher.

我想成为一名老师。

5. potato与tomato的用法

potato和tomato构成复数时,都是在词尾加-es,即potatoes和tomatoes。如:

These are potatoes, and those are tomatoes.

这些是土豆,那些是西红柿。

英语中以o结尾的名词,在构成复数时,一般指无生命的事物在词尾加-s,有生命的在词尾加-es。如:hero, Negro等加-es;而photo, piano等加-s。

6. good与well

(1)good是形容词,用作表语和定语。它可以表示戏剧、电影、书籍等这类东西的内容好,也表示人品好、人的善良或对其他人的和蔼、亲切。如:

①I have a good book. 我有一本好书。

②She is a good student. 她是个好学生。

(2)well是形容词和副词。作形容词时只作表语,指处于满意的状态或指身体健康状况良好;作副词时常用来修饰动词。如:

①I am quite well today. 我今天身体很好。

②Kate doesn't sing well, but she dances well.

凯特唱歌唱得不好,但她跳舞跳得很好。

句法精析

1. How about burgers?汉堡包怎么样?

How about...?一般用于提出建议,其后可跟名词或动名词,意为“……怎么样”,其回答可以是That sounds good./Great./That's a good idea.。

【延伸】How about...?=What about...?。如:

①How/What about having dinner with Tom?

和汤姆一起吃晚饭怎么样?

②How/What about some fruit for dinner?

晚饭来点水果怎么样?

2. Let's have... 让我们吃/喝……吧。

have是多义词,有以下几种用法:

(1)意为“有;拥有”。如:

I have a new watch. 我有一块新手表。

(2)意为“吃;喝”。如:

Let's have milk and some bread.

让我们喝些牛奶,吃些面包吧。

(3)构成固定短语。如:

have a look看一看

3. What do you like for breakfast?

你早餐喜欢吃什么?

like...for+breakfast/lunch/dinner表示“早/午/晚餐喜欢吃……”。如:

For breakfast, she likes eggs, bananas and apples.

早餐她喜欢吃鸡蛋、香蕉和苹果。

这一句还可以说成She likes eggs, bananas and apples for breakfast.。

【注意】三餐前面一般不加冠词,如:have breakfast/lunch/dinner吃早餐/午餐/晚餐;但当有形容词修饰时,形容词前可用a 或an,如:have a good breakfast/lunch/dinner吃一顿好的早餐/午餐/晚餐。

语法精讲

1. like在一般现在时态中的用法

(1)like 意为“喜欢”,单数第三人称作主语时,用likes。如:

①I like vegetables for lunch.

午饭我喜欢吃蔬菜。

②He likes tomatoes and beef for dinner.

晚饭他喜欢吃西红柿和牛肉。

(2)助动词do/does帮助构成like的一般现在时的否定句或疑问句,无意义。如:

1)否定句:

①I don't like vegetables for lunch.

午饭我不喜欢吃蔬菜。

②He doesn't like tomatoes or beef for dinner.

晚饭他不喜欢吃西红柿和牛肉。

2)一般疑问句以及回答:

①—Do you like...?

—Yes, I do./No, I don't.

②—Do they like...?

—Yes, they do./No, they don't.

③—Does he like...?

—Yes, he does./No, he doesn't.

④—Does she like...?

—Yes, she does./No, she doesn't.

2. 可数名词和不可数名词

可数名词有单数和复数两种形式。名词变复数有规则和不规则两种变化。

(1)规则变化

1)一般在单数名词后加-s,如:dogs, cups, desks。

2)以s,x,ch,sh结尾的名词加-es,如:watches, boxes, classes, glasses, buses。

3)以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加-es,如:libraries, dictionaries, families, strawberries。

请区别:如果是元音字母加y结尾的名词,则只须加-s,如:boys。

4)以o结尾的名词,一般直接加-s,如:photos, radios, zoos, pianos;初中阶段只有potato(土豆), tomato(西红柿), hero(英雄)这三个词加-es。

5)以f,fe结尾的名词,变f,fe为v再加-es, 如:knife—knives, wife—wives, half—halves, leaf—leaves。

(2)不规则变化

1)将oo变为ee,如:tooth—teeth, foot—feet。

2)将man变为men,如:man—men, woman—women, policeman—policemen, Frenchman—Frenchmen。

请注意:German(德国人) —Germans。

3)其他变化,如:child—children, mouse—mice。

(3)单复数形式相同的词

初中阶段学过的单复数同形的名词主要有:sheep—sheep, Chinese—Chinese等。

(4)常以复数形式出现的名词

people(人们), clothes(衣服), trousers(裤子), glasses(眼镜)。

(5)复合名词的单复数:a woman doctor—women doctors, a boy student—boy students, a sports meeting—sports meetings。

(6)不可数名词没有单复数形式,常见不可数名词有:music, time, work, homework, housework, tea, milk, water, meat, chicken, bread等。

不可数名词一般没有复数形式,说明其数量时,要用有关计量名词。如:a bag of rice—two bags of rice, a piece of paper—three pieces of paper, a bottle of milk—five bottles of milk。

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